The Lucan portrait of Leonardo da Vinci is believed to be a Self-portrait (c.1505), Museum of the Ancient People of Lucania, Vaglio Basilicata
LEONARDO DA VINCI
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
(April 15, 1452, town of Vinci, near Florence – May 2, 1519, Chateau Clos-Luce near Amboise, Touraine, in present-day Indre-et-Loire, France)
Category: Art workers
Occupation: Painter, sculptor, scientist, inventor, philosopher
Specification: The most universal genius of all time, the founder of the High Renaissance style
Best Known As: Painter of the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
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Leonardo was naturally left-handed and wrote notebook entries in mirror (backwards) script, a trick that requires a mirror to be read and which help to keep many of his observations from being widely known.
He received a fresh burst of public interest in 2003 with the publication of The Da Vinci Code, the bestselling thriller by author Dan Brown.
There are hidden messages associated with his paintings, which can be called as “Pictures within Pictures”.
He was the first person in history to make a reasonably accurate study of human anatomy, and to make accurate sketches of it. He did it partly by secretly dissecting dead bodies and examining them.
Leonardo worked for Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, for nearly eighteen years (1482-99). Leonardo was a vegan.
He is best known for his paintings “The Last Supper” and especially the “Mona Lisa” (La Giocondane). Leonardo apparently was quite fond of the completed work, as it accompanied him on all of his travels.
The Mona Lisa, like many of his paintings, features a landscape background utilizing atmospheric perspective. Leonardo was one of the first painters to introduce atmospheric perspective into art.
There is a story about painting the Last Supper. Leonardo first paints Jesus. Some years later Leonardo discovered a hard-bitten criminal as the model for Judas, not realizing he was the same man. But there is no evidence that Leonardo used the same model for both figures.
Sigmund Freud in his essay written in 1910 tried to resolve the mystery of Leonardo da Vinci. He analyzed Leonardo’s anxious earliest years, unconscious mind and driven motives. Thus he explained that depicting the Virgin Mary with St Anne (1508) represents protection under two mothers.
According to Freud the partial completion of Madonna and many other Leonardo’s unfinished works is symbolic and it was the unconscious expression of da Vinci experience of the deprivation of his mother.
Experts claim that androgyny and eroticism manifested in a number of works of Leonardo, such as in the Mona Lisa and the St. John the Baptist.
In 1490 da Vinci took Gian Giacomo Caprotti, the 10 years old boy under his wing. Later, the boy got the nickname Salai or il Salaino (“The little devil), was described by Giorgio Vasari as “a graceful and beautiful youth with fine curly hair, in which Leonardo greatly delighted.” However year later Leonardo made a list of the boy’s misdemeanours, calling him “a thief, a liar, stubborn, and a glutton.” Il Salaino remained his companion, servant, and assistant for the next thirty years.
Leonardo met Niccolò Machiavelli, with whom later he was to develop a close friendship. Also among his friends are counted Isabella d’Este, who was his closest female friend.
Some Italian Anthropologists and experts determined that the fingerprint suggested Leonardo’s mother was of “oriental origin” and probably she was Arab.
Sigmund Freud said: “Leonardo da Vinci was like a man who awoke too early in the darkness, while the others were all still asleep”.