Angela Merkel – First female Chancellor of Germany

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Angela Dorothea Kasner
(17 July 1954, Hamburg, West Germany)
Nationality: Germany
Category: Figures
Occupation: Political Leader, Chancellor of Germany
Specification: The first female Chancellor of Germany, the de facto leader and one of the architects of the European Union.
Gender: Female
Height: 1.65 m (5’ 5″)
Religion: Lutheranism
Education: She was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978.
Profession: Physical chemist
Spouses: Ulrich Merkel (1977–1982), Joachim Sauer -quantum chemist and professor (1998–present).
Family and Personal life: The daughter of a Lutheran pastor Horst Kasner (1926–2011), and his wife, Herlind (b. 8 July 1928 in Danzig, as Herlind Jentzsch), a teacher of English and Latin. She has a brother, Marcus (b. 7 July 1957), and a sister, Irene (b. 19 August 1964). She grew up in the small, country side town of Templin, roughly 50 miles north of Berlin (East Germany).
Interessante. She is fluent in Russian and English. As a youth, Merkel was nicknamed “Kasi”. She is a football (soccer) enthusiast. She is indeed “a quarter Polish”. Her grandfather was a Ludwig Kazmierczak, police-officer.
Career: She worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. After being awarded a doctorate in 1986 for her thesis on quantum chemistry she worked as a researcher.
In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1990 she joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and in this year was elected to parliament. Her first mentor in politics was Lothar de Maizière, who headed the East German branch of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).
From 1991 – 1994 she served as the Federal Minister for Women and Youth and from 1994 – 1998 – the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. From 1998 – 2000 Merkel was the General Secretary of the CDU Germany. She was a protégé of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who was heralded as the architect of reunification. But in 1999 after a finance scandal in CDU, Merkel distanced herself from Kohl and was named party leader in 2000.
Since 2000 she was the Chairwoman of the CDU Germany and Chairman of the CDU-CSU (Christian Social Union) parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005. In the 2005 elections she led the CDU and its sister party, the Christian Social Union, to a narrow victory over the Social Democrats. On Nov. 22, 2005, she became the first woman Chancellor of Germany. Her mandate was renewed in the parliamentary elections of 2009.
In 2007, Merkel was also President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman  to chair the G8, after Margaret Thatcher.
Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany (22 November 2005 – ) and chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 10 April 2000.
Awards: In 2008 Merkel received the Charlemagne Prize “for her work to reform the European Union”. Merkel topped Forbes magazine’s list of “The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women” seven times as No. 1.: in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2013. Forbes also has named her the second most powerful person in the world as of 2012. (#1 Barack Abama; #3 Vladimir Putin).
Angela Merkel Quotes: 1. When it comes to human dignity, we cannot make compromises. 2. Above all it is important to point out that we can only maintain our prosperity in Europe if we belong to the most innovative regions in the world. 3. If people want the future, we have made them an offer. 4. The question is not whether we are able to change but whether we are changing fast enough. 5. The willingness to learn new skills is very high. 6. The individual is paramount. 7. When we count on the power of freedom, we are counting on the individual.
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