Philosophy and Religion

Jesus Christ – Founder of Christianity

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JesusChrist1

JESUS CHRIST 
Jesus of Nazareth, Yeshua Ha-Nozri, Jesus is the Messiah, Christo (Greek), Christ (English)
(c. 6-4 BC, Bethlehem Nazareth, Judea – 7 April 30 AD, Jerusalem, Calvary or Golgotha Judea, Roman Empire) (crucifixion).
Nationality: Ancient Rome
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher
Specification: Founder of Christianity, The Son of God and God incarnate in the Christian religion
Gender: Male
Holiday: Birthday Is Holiday 25 December ( 7 January), Christmas
Video : youtube.com
Jesus Christ Quotes: 1. A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 2. Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. 3. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 4. Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. 5. I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. 6. Let me into your lives, your world. Live on me, so that you may become truly alive. 7. Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Let the day’s own trouble be sufficient for the day. 8. For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul?  9. Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 10. But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. 11. If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. 12. If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. 13. Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. 14. With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. 15. Judge not, that ye be not judged. 16.  Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. 17. Arise, and be not afraid.  18. Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.

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Moses – Founder and Lawgiver of Israel

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Mosaic of Moses at the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis
MOSES
Moshe ( Hebrew name means “The one who draws out”or “child”), Moshe  Rabbeinu ( “Moses our Teacher”),  Mūsa (Arabic)
( c. 1392 BC, Goshen, Egypt – 1272 BC Mount Nebo, Moab ( now Jordan), or
(1525 B.C.- 1405 B.C.)
Nationality: Ancient Israel
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher, prophet
Specification: Оne of the founders of Jewish , Founder and Lawgiver of Israel.
Gender: Male
Feast: September 17 (new style)  Orthodox Church
Video: youtube.com

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On 28 September 551 BC was born Confucius – Chinese Philosoher

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CONFUCIUS
Confucius (Latinized name) 
K’ung Ch’iu; (孔子 – Chinese, original name),  K’ung Fu-tzu (Great Master K’ung), Kong Fu-Zi, Kung Fu-Zi, K’ung-futze, K’ung-fu-tzu, Kong Qiu,   Kongfuzior, Zhongni 
(September 28, 551 B.C. Lu, (now Shandong province) China –  479 B.C. Lu, China) Qufu, Zhou Dynasty
Nationality: China
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher, philosopher, saint
Specification: Founder of Confucianism – humanistic school of Philosophy or Religion,  the Greatest Master
Gender: Male
Teacher’s Day (Taiwan) – September 28

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Zoroaster – Founder of Zoroastrianism

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Detail of The School of Athens by Raphael (1509)
ZOROASTER
Zoroaster (Latinized from Greek variants),  Zarathushtra (as he is called in the Avesta ), Zartosht (Persian)
(c.628 probably Rhages, Persia (now Iran) –  c.551 BC)  (aged 77)
Nationality: Persia, Iran
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher, persian, ancient Iranian prophet, philosopher and religious poet.
Specification: Founder of Zoroastrianism  (Parsiism and Mazdaizm).
Gender: Male
Video:  youtube.com

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Laozi – Chinese Philosopher, Founder of Taoism

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LAOZI
Laozi
 Lao-tse, Laotze, Lao-Tsu,  Laocius,
(6th century BC -According to Chinese tradition)
(4th century BС – Another version)
Nationality: China
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher, philosopher
Specification: Founder of Taoism. The author of the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching).
Gender: Male
Videos: 1. youtube.com

Daodejing’s ideas: Man follows the Earth. Earth follows Heaven. Heaven follows the Tao. The Tao follows only itself.
Duality of nature that complements each other instead of competing with each other- the two faces of the same coin – one cannot exist without the other.
The harder one tries, the more resistance one creates for oneself.
The more one acts in harmony with the universe (the Mother of the myriad things), the more one will achieve, with less effort.
The qualities of flexibility and suppleness, especially as exemplified by water, are superior to rigidity and strength.
Soft overcomes hard, weak overcomes strong.
Everything is in its own time and place. Know when it’s time to stop.
Live simply. Humility is the highest virtue.

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