Leaders

Cleopatra – one of the most famous female rulers in history

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CLEOPATRA
Cleopatra VII  Thea Philopator

(69 BC – August 12, 30 BC) (aged 39)
Nationality: Ancient Egypt
Category: Figures
Occupation: Ruler
Specification: The most ever famous queens of all times in ancient Egypt, the first ruler of the dynasty to learn Egyptian, the last Pharoah of Egypt.
Gender: Female
Reign: 51 BC–12 August 30 BC
Co-rulers: Ptolemy XIII (51 BC–47 BC)
Ptolemy XIV (47 BC–44 BC)
Caesarion (44 BC–30 BC)

Vivien Leigh as Cleopatra in the film “Caesar and Cleopatra” (1945).

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Jesus Christ – Founder of Christianity

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JesusChrist1

JESUS CHRIST 
Jesus of Nazareth, Yeshua Ha-Nozri, Jesus is the Messiah, Christo (Greek), Christ (English)
(c. 6-4 BC, Bethlehem Nazareth, Judea – 7 April 30 AD, Jerusalem, Calvary or Golgotha Judea, Roman Empire) (crucifixion).
Nationality: Ancient Rome
Category: Votaries of Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teacher
Specification: Founder of Christianity, The Son of God and God incarnate in the Christian religion
Gender: Male
Holiday: Birthday Is Holiday 25 December ( 7 January), Christmas
Video : youtube.com
Jesus Christ Quotes: 1. A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 2. Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. 3. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 4. Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. 5. I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. 6. Let me into your lives, your world. Live on me, so that you may become truly alive. 7. Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Let the day’s own trouble be sufficient for the day. 8. For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul?  9. Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 10. But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. 11. If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. 12. If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. 13. Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. 14. With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. 15. Judge not, that ye be not judged. 16.  Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. 17. Arise, and be not afraid.  18. Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.

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Alexander the Great – One of the most successful military leader in history

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 ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Alexander III of Macedon
Alexandros Philippou Makedonon
(20/21 July 356 BC, Pella, Macedonia — June 10/13, 323 BC, Babylon) (aged 33)
Nationality: Ancient Greece, Macedonia
Category: Figures
Occupation: Military Leader, ruler, world conqueror
Specification: King of Macedonia, Emperor who created one of the largest empires in ancient history, one of the most successful military leader in history
Gender: Male
Reign: 336–323 BC
Titles: Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shahanshah of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt and King of Asia
Videos: 1. YouTube  2. YouTube
Alexander the Great quotes: 1. There is nothing impossible to him who will try. 2. I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well.

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Angela Merkel – First female Chancellor of Germany

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AngelaANGELA MERKEL
Angela Dorothea Kasner
(17 July 1954, Hamburg, West Germany)
Nationality: Germany
Category: Figures
Occupation: Political Leader, Chancellor of Germany
Specification: The first female Chancellor of Germany, the de facto leader and one of the architects of the European Union.
Gender: Female
Height: 1.65 m (5’ 5″)
Religion: Lutheranism
Education: She was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978.
Profession: Physical chemist
Spouses: Ulrich Merkel (1977–1982), Joachim Sauer -quantum chemist and professor (1998–present).
Family and Personal life: The daughter of a Lutheran pastor Horst Kasner (1926–2011), and his wife, Herlind (b. 8 July 1928 in Danzig, as Herlind Jentzsch), a teacher of English and Latin. She has a brother, Marcus (b. 7 July 1957), and a sister, Irene (b. 19 August 1964). She grew up in the small, country side town of Templin, roughly 50 miles north of Berlin (East Germany).
Interessante. She is fluent in Russian and English. As a youth, Merkel was nicknamed “Kasi”. She is a football (soccer) enthusiast. She is indeed “a quarter Polish”. Her grandfather was a Ludwig Kazmierczak, police-officer.
Career: She worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. After being awarded a doctorate in 1986 for her thesis on quantum chemistry she worked as a researcher.
In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1990 she joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and in this year was elected to parliament. Her first mentor in politics was Lothar de Maizière, who headed the East German branch of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).
From 1991 – 1994 she served as the Federal Minister for Women and Youth and from 1994 – 1998 – the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. From 1998 – 2000 Merkel was the General Secretary of the CDU Germany. She was a protégé of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who was heralded as the architect of reunification. But in 1999 after a finance scandal in CDU, Merkel distanced herself from Kohl and was named party leader in 2000.
Since 2000 she was the Chairwoman of the CDU Germany and Chairman of the CDU-CSU (Christian Social Union) parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005. In the 2005 elections she led the CDU and its sister party, the Christian Social Union, to a narrow victory over the Social Democrats. On Nov. 22, 2005, she became the first woman Chancellor of Germany. Her mandate was renewed in the parliamentary elections of 2009.
In 2007, Merkel was also President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman  to chair the G8, after Margaret Thatcher.
Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany (22 November 2005 – ) and chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 10 April 2000.
Awards: In 2008 Merkel received the Charlemagne Prize “for her work to reform the European Union”. Merkel topped Forbes magazine’s list of “The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women” seven times as No. 1.: in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2013. Forbes also has named her the second most powerful person in the world as of 2012. (#1 Barack Abama; #3 Vladimir Putin).
Angela Merkel Quotes: 1. When it comes to human dignity, we cannot make compromises. 2. Above all it is important to point out that we can only maintain our prosperity in Europe if we belong to the most innovative regions in the world. 3. If people want the future, we have made them an offer. 4. The question is not whether we are able to change but whether we are changing fast enough. 5. The willingness to learn new skills is very high. 6. The individual is paramount. 7. When we count on the power of freedom, we are counting on the individual.
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On 6 January was born Joan Of Arc – National Heroine of France

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JOAN OF ARC
Jehanne Darc, Jeanneton Darc, Jeanne d’Arc, Saint (Jeanne d’Arc, Joan of Lorraine), the Maid of Orleans.
(January 6, 1412,  Domremy, France – May 30, 1431, Rouen, France) (aged19)
Nationality: France
Category: Votaries of Spirit, Saint
Occupation: Devotees
Specification: Patron Saint and national heroine of France,  military leader
Gender: Female

Joan Of Arc Canvas Print by Robert Alexander Hillingford
Execution:
 1431
Pronounced innocent: 1456
Beatified: 18 April 1909, Notre Dame de Paris by Pope Pius X
Canonized: 16 May 1920, St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome by Pope Benedict XV
Feast Day: 30 May
Videos: 1. you

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Mark Zuckerberg – Co-Founder, CEO, President of Facebook

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MARK ZUCKERBERG

Mark Elliot “Zuck” Zuckerberg
(May 14, 1984, White Plains, New York, USA)
Nationality: United States
Category: Figures
Occupation: Businessperson, Computer Programmer, Inventor.
Specification: Co-Founder, CEO & President of Facebook, the world’s youngest billionaire
Gender: Male
Net worth: US$6.9 billion (2010)
Videos: 1. youtube.com 2. youtube.com
Facebook.com 

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CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

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Cristoforo Colombo ( in Italian), Cristobal Colon (in Spanish)

(25 August – 31 October, 1451, Genoa, Italy  – 20 May, 1506, Valladolid, Spain) (aged 54).
Nationality: Italy
Category: Figures
Occupation: Explorer,  navigator, colonizer
Specification: Discoverer of New World, America (October 12, 1492)
Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Video: youtub

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Zest: Columbus was not the first European mariner to sail to the New World. The Vikings, led by Leif Ericson and Thorfinn Karlsefni set up colonies c.1000 in Greenland and Newfoundland. But only Columbus’s voyages mark the beginning of continuous European efforts to explore and colonize the Americas.
Christopher Columbus never set foot on mainland North America. The closest he got was one of the islands in the present day Bahamas.
In the morning of Friday, the 12th of October 1492 Columbus landed, richly clad, and bearing the royal banner of Spain. He was accompanied by the brothers Pinzon, bearing banners of the Green Cross (a device of the admirals), and by great part of the crew. When they all had “given thanks to God, kneeling upon the shore, and kissed the ground with tears of joy, for the great mercy received”.
Strong evidence also suggests that his crew brought syphilis, apparently never reported in Europe before and known to have been endemic in mild form among the Arawaks.
Columbus did not have any women on his first two voyages. In 1498, Columbus recruited one woman for every ten men on his third voyage.
Accounts consistently describe Columbus as a large and physically strong man with auburn hair or later white hair of some six feet or more in height.
He attempt to reach the Far East by going westward from Spain. He believed the peaks of Cuba to be the Himalayas. Mistaking the lands he encountered for the East Indies, he referred to the inhabitants as “indios”. At his death, he was still convinced that his journeys had been along the east coast of Asia.